Practical Carriage Building
Compiled by M.T. Richardson, Vol.1. 1891
Carriage Building - A Well Appointed Carriage Shop
Every hamlet and village in the land is supplied with its repair shop and wagon shop, even if it cannot boast of its carriage shop. Every town of considerable size has not only its wagon shops, but from one to a half dozen concerns known as carriage shops or carriage repositories. Among these establishments a well appointed factory, one which is supplied with every necessary tool, one in which the arrangements are such that work is moved among its several departments with the least possible handling, and in which there is good light and ventilation, is indeed a rarity. It frequently happens that the smaller shops in the large cities, in which people generally expect to find the best of everything, are but little better arranged than the so-called country shop of corresponding size.
We propose here to describe a well appointed small shop. Large concerns are conducted perhaps on even better methods, but it is to be remembered always that systems applicable to large establishments are seldom suited to small ones.
It is a fact well known to experts, although not in all eases admitted, that many concerns doing a small business, the mechanical, operations in which in part only are adapted to the use of steam power, frequently execute their work at a greater expense by the employment of power than would be required if power were not used. This is especially true of carriage shops. There are but few of the operations in carriage making in which steam power can be advantageously employed, and a very large business is essential to warrant its use. Therefore in small establishments the expense of a steam engine very frequently entails a loss.
A model establishment, illustrated herewith, occupies four floors and a basement. The basement is used as a blacksmith shop. The first floor contains the office and a delivery and receiving room. The second floor is the repository. The third floor contains the body shop and trimming room, while the paint shop and the varnishing and finishing rooms are on the fourth floor. The main building is supplemented by an extension of the roof, which is placed at a level with the second floor, and which is furnished with large skylights and a ventilator of sufficient capacity for carrying off the smoke and gases from the smith shop. It will be seen by examination of the plan, Fig. 1. that the first floor does not extend through this addition across the rear of the building. A fence or guard terminates the room at the rear, in which is placed a gate or opening for the convenience of handling work to and from the smith shop. This arrangement affords ample light and air in the blacksmith shop, especially in the rear part, where most of the drilling, vise work, bench work, tire setting is performed. At the same time this arrangement affords light and ventilation to the first floor in a very desirable manner.