Practical Carriage Building
Compiled by M.T. Richardson, Vol.1. 1891
Carriage Building - A Well Appointed Carriage Shop Part-2
The blacksmith shop contains four forges, located in the four corners of the room, and each provided with its own proper flue in the wall. The entrance to the blacksmith shop from the front or sidewalk is by a broad stairway, headroom for which is provided by a platform or a raised floor in the office. This raised platform also affords sufficient bight for the window placed alongside the stairway, and which affords ample light to a bench placed in front of it, as shown in the plan. Under the sidewalk and along the front of the basement, is the usual area provided for city building, from which opens the door to a water closet, all of which is shown upon the plan. Besides the stairway leading to the sidewalk there are two other stairways from the blacksmith shop leading to the first floor, the location of which is clearly shown in the engraving. The girder running lengthwise through the center of the building is supported in the basement by iron columns, against the front one of which is fastened a tire-setting machine, indicated by B in Fig. 2. The carriage elevator is shown in the plan of the smith shop, coming between the second and third of the iron columns. A coal bin is placed just in the rear of the carriage elevator and about the center of the shop, thus making it equally convenient to each of the several forges. The construction and arrangement of this coal bin is something unique and something to which the attention of many employers may well be given. It is filled through trap doors placed in the first floor. A cart or wagon of coal may be driven through either of the two large doors in the front of the first story and dumped directly over one of these trap holes, most of the coal by its own weight finding its way into the bin, thus requiring very little shoveling. The coal is taken from the bin at the bottom, an arrangement resulting in the least possible handling of it, and consequently making the least possible dirt about the premises. Between the coal bin and the back stairs in the smith shop, and supported by two of the iron columns carrying the girder, is a rack for spring and axle, iron and steel. The arrangement of this rack and its location is such as to commend it to the approval of intelligent shop superintendents. The tire oven is located near the middle of the back part of the shop, and is in convenient proximity to a fine built in the pier which supports the center of the rear wall. Its location and general arrangement may be seen by referring to the plan, Fig. 2. Inspection of the same engraving will show the location of the tire platform, the hydrant, benches, racks,.
Entering the first floor we find in the center of the front of the building the office, consisting of two general divisions. The floor of the rear part is on a common level with the receiving room back of it, while the floor of the front• is elevated to accommodate the stairway and window of the basement already described. An incline in the floor upon either side of the office facilitates the delivery and receiving of carriages,. A hardware closet is located just to the left of the office, lighted by one of the front windows, and hack of it in the corner against the office door is a small bench with a vise, provided with wrenches and such other tools as are frequently in demand at the last moment when a vehicle is being sent out. Along the wall above the inclined floor on the left a pole rack is provided. There are two flights of stairs leading from the first floor to the second floor, or rather a broad flight is divided by a partition so as to admit of a direct passage both from the and from the receiving room. This is a matter of convenience.