Practical Carriage Building
Compiled by M.T. Richardson, Vol.1. 1891
Carriage Building - A Well Appointed Carriage Shop Part-3
Underneath the stairs in the office a closet is provided. A washstand occupies a corner between the raised platform and the door entering from the left. There are no other special features in connection with the first floor that require special attention. The location of the carriage elevator, the trap doors to the coal bin, benches, are all clearly shown in Fig. 1.
Ascending now to the second story, which is occupied as repository, one finds in the front corner, on the right, a wash floor. This floor is raised a trifle above the common level, is provided with a gutter all around leading to a waste pipe, and is so calked and painted as to be water tight. All necessary washing of buggies and carriages may be done here with the same security as though it were being done upon the ground floor. By examining the rear of the second story, itís shown in Fig. 3, the position of the skylights and ventilators already referred to in the description of the blacksmith shop may be seen.
The front of the third story is occupied as a trimming room. A speaking tube leads from this room direct to the office, the pipe following down the posts which support the girders. Benches are located across the front in places where the light is the best, while a closet for holding trimming material is placed against the wall at the right hand end. between it and the partition separating the trimming room from the body shop is placed a set of shelves for cushions, This trimming room, as arranged, has accommodations in live men. The body shop occupies the rear of the same floor. The location of benches is clearly shown in Fig. 4. needs no special description other than that given in the caption under the engraving.
The fourth or upper floor, as is usual in many shops, is occupied as a paint shop. The finishing and varnishing rooms are located in the front and are separated from the paint op by a close partition, fitted with sliding doors. In addition to the light supplied by the front and side windows, this is part is also lighted by a skylight, thus rendering it in every way desirable for the purpose for which it is used. Closets for lamps, are provided, as may be seen in Fig. 5 A case for glass frames, indicated by E in the same engraving, occupies a space under the partition separating the varnishing and finishing rooms. This feature is something a novelty. The case is provided with movable shelves or slides, upon which the frames can he placed. It is also furnished with doors for closing against dust, The floor both the finishing and varnishing rooms is made water tight and is provided with a gutter and a connection with a Wa1e pipe so as to prevent damage in the rooms below, in case anything is spilled or water is used. In the front right corner of the paint shop may be noticed a urinal and wash sink. A similar convenience is also provided on t he floors. A skylight covers the space occupied by the carriage elevator, thus throwing an abundance of light upon whatever elevation it may be in the building. In the rear left hand corner of the paint shop is located the paint bench.
The cost of the building described, exclusive of the ground it occupies, was $16,000. Roughly estimated, it provides for emp1oyment of about fifty-five men, divided something as follows: Fifteen in blacksmith shop, fifteen woodworkers, five trimmers, and about twenty in the paint shop and varnishing and finishing rooms.