Practical Carriage Building

Compiled by M.T. Richardson, Vol.1. 1891

Wheelwright's Shop Plan - Power vs. Hand Work

I have had power in my shop for more than three years, and have found that it is as good as an extra man. I began with little machinery, but have added to my stock of tools and appliances as the money came in to enable me to do so. I have now a circular saw, a band and a band saw, a Daniels, and a side wheel planer, a rounding and a polishing machine, a turning lathe, a boring and a mortising machine. They have not cost a great deal of money, and as I bought them from time to time, the money paid for them has not been missed. The cost of running them is but trifling; they have saved a great deal of hard labor and have improved the quality and increased the quantity of the work done in my shop. Moreover by having these machines I have largely increased my business by securing jobs that could not have been obtained if I had used hand labor only. Another advantage gained by machinery is the saving of time when it is desired to have work done in a hurry. In these days of sharp competition men with small shops need all the help that machinery can give them.

Wheelwrights Shop Figure 6

Fig. 6 represents my shop and yard. The plan shows the location of each machine and the general arrangement of the benches. The shop is thirty feet by fifty feet, and is two stories in height. The first story is the wood shop. It is ten feet high, which enables me to turn over express shafts. The second story is the paint shop, and the attic is used for storage. It will be noticed that the shop is square and has no jogs. This is the best way to build for room and convenience.

While I fully believe in power, yet if any do not have it, and cannot get it, much can be done by hand. I worked for years with a hand band-saw and spoke tenoning and boring machine.óBy J. D. S.