Practical Carriage Building

Compiled by M.T. Richardson, Vol.1. 1891

Wood Files

In addition to the large files commonly in use, the body- maker should have a set of stubs of different forms, and large files with smooth edges. Stubs are always handy. They should be about five inches long, three-eighths of an inch thick in the center, and the face slightly rounded. The cut should be from both ends, for convenience. Figs. 24, 25, and 26 show good forms for stubs. With these almost any point can be reached and filed. By having them quite thick, the workman can grasp them firmly and use them without handles.

File Stub three forms Fig. 24-25-26

Another class of files almost as useful as stubs are rifflers- flat, round, square, and triangular—cut on sides and edges. Fig. 27 shows a fiat, bent riffler, Fig. 28 a square, Fig. 29 a half-round, and Fig. 30 a round rasp. These should be fitted with handles in all cases. They cost but little, and the time saved by their use on one large body will more than compensate for the cost.

It may not be amiss to speak in this connection of a little article that should be on every workman’s bench—the file cleaner. This can be made of a small piece of wire-card cloth, secured to a piece of wood. It costs little, and is thoroughly efficacious. Files are easily damaged by coming in contact with one another; and to prevent injury from that cause a file rack should be made, having a recess for each file.

Files - Bent, Square, and Half Round Riffler with Round Rasp Fig. 27-28-29-30

In addition to bench tools there are a number of articles that are needed. These are: A dozen or more thumb- screws, a set of vise jaw-blocks (half dozen at least small wood hand screws, a good trestle, and a small hand vise. In most shops the thumb and hand screws, as well as trestles, are furnished by the employer, but the bodymaker who owns a good set of clamps of all kinds is independent of his neighbors. By - OLD VETERAN