Practical Carriage Building
Compiled by M.T. Richardson, Vol.1. 1891
Making a Spoke Tenoning Machine
I have an excellent spoke tenoning machine, which I made as follows I took a piece of oak one and a half by six inches, and three feet long, and cut in one end a slot two inches wide and six inches long. In the other end I bored holes three inches apart and large enough for a hub to pass through, as shown in Fig. 97. I then made two pieces, as shown in Fig. 98; the dimensions being three and a half by one and a half inch, and made next a piece twelve inches long and three inches square, with a slot four inches long at the top, as in Fig. 99. I then put a bolt through the pieces shown in Figs. 98 and 99, and this formed a slide, as in Fig. 99, by means of which the spoke auger is fed to its work. The slot will allow the head to be moved up or down to suit the length of the hub. With a piece of musket barrel I made a boxing for the spindle to work in, and the spindle is put in as shown in Fig. 100. The shank of the spindle is put in just as in an ordinary bit brace.
I place my hub on the bench, drive my spokes, point them, take the tail nut off, and put the tenoner on, as shown in Fig. 97. I adjust to suit the spokes by letting the head T1 or down. The bolt in the guide, as shown in Figs. 98 and 99, is tightened and the machine is ready to work. I have used it more than a year, and it is satisfactory in every respect. The holes in the end of the board enable me to adjust the machine for wheels of all sizes, and the adjustment to the length of the hub is effected by the slot in the head.óBy J. B. W.