Practical Carriage Building
Compiled by M.T. Richardson, Vol.1. 1891
To Tighten Boxes
Axle boxes that have become loose in the hub, can be tightened by heavy paper—old flour sacks are best—as many ply as you think can be forced in with the box, and cut as in Fig. 154. Double over the box, as in Fig. 155; force into the hub and wedge at the butt. Never wedge at the point of the hub. The paper will hold the box if enough of it is used.— By P.
In repair shops it often happens that wheels of family carriages and other valuable light wagons are brought in for repair. These wheels are good in almost every respect, except that the spokes are slightly loose in the hubs, the cause being the driving of the wagon with the tires loose. To repair such wheels, and make a good job, remove the tires and rims; then fasten the hub on a wheel top, draw out the spokes, and if any of them are crooked, put them in an oven or some place where you can warm them slowly. When warmed as hot as they can be without injuring the paint, take them to the vise and straighten them. When cold they are ready to be driven back in the hubs. Use good glue, and if any of the spoke tenons seem to be too thin, cut a piece of canvas the width of the tenon, and use as many thicknesses as are needed to fill the mortise. Be sure to allow the wheels to stand undisturbed until the glue is thoroughly hard before driving on the rims. When the rims are on, set the tiro in good shape, and the job is completed.—By S. A. D.
Removing Old Boxings from Wagon Hubs
It often becomes necessary to remove the old boxings and replace them with new ones. To do this I procure an old one, heat it red hot, drop it into the one I wish to remove, and let it remain until it heats the other sufficiently to melt the grease about it, for I find there is more or less grease worked in and around these boxings. Then I turn the wheel over and with a hammer and punch drive the boxing out. A few blows will drive them when they are hot, but the old way of driving them out cold requires a great deal of work. —By E. W. S.