Practical Carriage Building
Compiled by M.T. Richardson, Vol.1. 1891
Wheelwrights Work Bench
The bench I am using is a convenient one. I trust a description of it will please wheelwrights. A, Figs. 77 and 78 , represents a vise which is placed flush with the top of the bench. B, at the opposite end, is placed six inches above the bench. The long clamp C is placed a quarter of an inch below the top of the bench. All three of the vises have iron screws. The bench is twelve feet long and two feet inches wide. The top is of ash plank, two and a half inches thick. The holes d, d, d, &c., are placed at regular intervals the whole length of the bench, and are to receive the bench stop in planing plank, &c. By this means stuff of various lengths is accommodated. The slide C is provided six with two guides, so placed as to bring the upper edge a half inch above the top of the screw. The vises A and B each have one guide. The screw B is placed immediately below, the top of the bench, while C is placed just low enough to come under it as shown. The general construction of the bench is shown in the drawings so as to require no further description.
This is simply a plain bench. If, in addition, a bench is wanted for making wheels, I will describe one I use for that purpose. At right angles to the bench already described, opposite the vise B, I have my wheel bench, which is about seven feet long and two feet wide. The top is of three-inch plank. On one end, securely bolted in position on two-inch plank, is placed a tire drill, with a hollow auger. In the center line of the plank one-inch holes are bored at intervals of three inches, thus adapting the bench to wheels of various diameters. To accommodate different sizes of hubs, the wheels are set up from the face of the bench by means of blocks, so as to be in line with the center of the spindle. The bolt for fastening the wheel is fitted into the block. When the wheel is finished, the bolt drops. The tire is then put on, after which the wheel is put back on the bench, so that the necessary holes may be drilled in the tire. The spokes are tenoned with the hollow auger fitted into the tire drill. The spokes are driven, the felloes are put on, and the trimming done, all on one bench. The felloes are trimmed and bored on the vise B, which, as mentioned above, is in close proximity to the wheel bench. óBy J. B. F.