Farm Blacksmithing

by J.M.Drew St. Paul Publishing Company 1918

MAKING A DOOR HOOK

Next, let us try to make an ordinary door hook. Take a piece of i round iron two or three feet long. Put one end in the fire so that there will be burning coke both above and below it. Give blast enough to heat it quickly, but not enough to blow the coke out of the middle of the fire. Get the end of the rod up to a white heat and square about four inches of it, as shown at. a, Fig. 6.

Making a Door Hook Figure 6

Draw it out so that the corners will come out square and sharp. After heating again, draw out the end, as shown at b. The shoulder between the small part and the original iron is made by holding against the edge of the anvil and striking so that the edge of the anvil will cut into the iron to form the shoulder. In drawing out iron to make a point on it or to make it smaller, always draw it square first, no matter what is to be its shape finally, for you can reduce its size faster by squaring it than by trying to keep it round or any other shape. Next make this small end round by flattening down the corners. Stop pounding and heat the iron as often as it gets below a cherry red in color. After rounding the end, turn it around the horn of the anvil to make a round eye. Next cut off the iron and draw out to a point, as at e. "Complete the hook by bending the end and twisting the middle, as shown at f. The beginner is apt to have trouble in getting the eye of the hook perfectly round. It usually persists in being oval, rather than circular. The trouble is usually caused by not bending the end enough at the start. The end must be given its full amount of bend before the other part is bent, as afterward it cannot be gotten at.

Making a Staple Figure 7

MAKING A STAPLE

To make a staple draw out one end of a rod and round it, or leave it square, depending upon the kind of staple you want. Decide how long you want the staple, and bend the end at right angles to the remainder of the rod Fig. 7, to form one leg of the staple. Do not make the complete bend at this time, or the finished end will be in the way when you sharpen the other end. Jut off the iron for the second leg a little shorter than the first, to allow for lengthening in drawing out to a point. Now draw out the second leg to a point, then heat in the middle and complete the bend.




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