Methods in the Art of Taxidermy
by Oliver Davie Published in 1900
Sizes and Colors of Eyes for Birds and Quadrupeds
Sizes and Colors of Eyes for Birds- In giving the following sizes and colors of birds' eyes, I should state that they are given chiefly from personal knowledge and experience or from specimens now actually in my private collection. There is often a wide difference between the color of the eyes of the adult birds and those of the young of the same species.
No. 23 - African Ostrich, brown. No. 18 to 21- Great Horned Owl, Straw. No. 18 or 10 - Snowy Owl, straw. No. 17 - Barred Owl, blue-black or black; Great Gray Owl, brownish-yellow. No. 15 -Bald Eagle, adult, straw; young, called Gray Eagle, hazel. Golden Eagle. brown. No. 13 to 15- Screech Owl, straw. No. 14 or 15 - White Pelican, adult, pearly white; young, brown. Brown Pelican, white. No. 13 or 14 - Great Blue Heron, pale yellow, straw; Osprey, straw. No. 13 or 14- Loon, red; Night Heron, adult, red; young, brown. Yellow-crowned Night Heron, orange. No. 12 to 14- Red-tailed Hawk, yellow or brown; Richardson's Owl, straw. No. 12 or 13- Canada Goose, hazel White-fronted Goose, haze or brown Wood Ibis, Goshawk, red; Long-eared Owl, straw; Short-eared Owl, straw. No. 10 -Flamingo, reddish-brown i American Bittern, straw; Acadian Owl, straw. No. 10 or 11- Wood Duck, red; American Hawk Owl, straw. No. 8 or 9 -Double-crested Cormorant, Florida Cormorant, Violet-green Cormorant, green; Louisiana Heron. red; Little Blue Heron, yellow j Reddish Egret, red; Green Heron, yellow; Snowy Heron, straw; Golden eye Duck, golden-yellow or straw; Barrow's Golden Eye, golden; Buffle-head, yellow j Old Squaw, straw; Harlequin Duck, reddish brown; American Eider, brown; Stellar's Duck, brown; Pacific Eider, brown; King Eider, brown; Ruddy Duck, reddish-brown; American Merganser, carmine; Red-breasted Merganser, carmine; Hooded Merganser, yellow; Black Duck, brown; Pintail, brown; Gadwall, reddish-brown; Wigeon, brown; Green-winged Teal, brown; Blue-winged Teal, brown; Cinnamon Teal, brown; Shoveller, orange-red; Canvas-back, red; Red-head, orange j American Scaup Duck, yellow; Mallard, brown, hazel j Sharp-shinned Hawk, adult, red; young, straw. No. 6 or 7 -Glossy Ibis, red or brown; White-faced Glossy Ibis, red; White Ibis, pearly blue. No. 5 or 6- Anhinga, or Snakebird, carmine; Least Bittern, straw. No.5 to 7-Flicker, Robin, Blue Jay, Red-winged Blackbird, hazel or black. No.3 to 5-Sparrows in general, hazel or black. Sizes of Eyes for Quadrupeds -Like the sizes given for birds, those of the quadrupeds are, in a number of cases, taken from specimens in my private collection. Many of the sizes, however, are taken from the lists of experienced dealers. Mink and Skunk, Nos. 7 or 8; Red Squirrel, No.8; Gray Squirrel, No. 10; Fox Squirrel, No. 11; Raccoon, Nos. 11 to 14; Rabbit Nos. 12 to 15; Jack Rabbit, Nos. 14 to 17; Fox, Nos. 15 to 17; Coyote, Nos. 15 to 17; Wolf, Nos. 16 to 18; Bull Dog, Nos. 17 or 18; Pug Dog, Nos. 14 to 18; Black-and-tan Dog, Nos. 14 to 16; Setter and Pointer Dog, Nos. 16 to 18; Black Bear, Nos. 15 to 17; Grizzly Bear, Nos. 17 or 18; Domestic Cat, Nos. 11 to 16; Wild Cat, Nos. 16 to 18; Lynx, Nos. 16 to 18; Cougar, or Mountain Lion, Nos. 20 to 22; Jaguar, Nos. 22 or 23; Bengal Tiger, Nos. 24 or 25; African Lion, Nos. 23 to 25; Horse and Cow, Nos. 25 to 27; Deer, Nos. 22 or 23, Maine; Nos. 23 or 24, Kew York; Nos. 24 or 25 in the West; Nos. 21 or 22 Florida; Caribou, Nos. 24 or 25; Moose and Elk, Nos. 25 or 27. Doubtless, few of my readers will attempt to equip themselves so perfectly for work in taxidermy as I have detailed in this chapter. In order to pursue a single branch of zoological collecting - birds for instance - it is necessary to possess but few of the tools and materials already enumerated. Many will learn to do what they can in the art simply as a pastime j others with a view to making a collection of zoological specimens of a certain district or territory: while some who have the right kind of ambition, enthusiasm, pluck, and energy, will not allow the gigantic specimens of zoology to stagger their ingenuity. If the student is undecided as to how far his practice in the art will extend, a very few of the more important instruments and materials are all that are necessary until his fire is kindled or suddenly goes out. As dealers in naturalists' supplies I can recommend The Frank Blake Webster Company, Hyde Park, Mass., who keep every article the naturist and taxidermist requires. It will pay any beginner to send ten cents for their illustrated catalogue of naturalists' materials. Mr. Frank H. Lattin, of Albion, N. Y., is also an extensive dealer in naturalists' materials and zoological specimens. Codman & Shurtleff, surgical instrument makers, Nos. 13 and 15 Tremont street, Boston, Mass., manufacture many of the instruments figured and recommended in this work. For the best taxidermist's salinometer in the world, for the alcoholometer, or any kind of hydrometers that you may desire, I can recommend The R. Hoehn Co. manufacturers, No. 44 College Place, New York City.