Methods in the Art of Taxidermy
by Oliver Davie Published in 1900
Skeleton of an Eagle
Ceroical Vertebrre.- We use all the neck vertebrae in mounting long-necked birds, like the herons, etc. The wind pipe is imitated by wrapping wire with fine tow.
Humerus.-This is the bone which can be broken or snapped with the fingers before skinning the smaller birds, in order that the wing will drop down out of the way. It should remain whole and intact in the large species.
Elbow.-In the very small birds you may detach the humerus at the elbow, skin down the ulna and radius, detaching the feathers from the ulna, clear down to the carpal joint. In the larger birds we detach the humerus from the coracoid socket, or shoulder socket j skin down to the elbow, clean the flesh off and stop there, skinning the wing afterward from the outside.
Femur.-This is the thigh bone, and we allow it to remain attached to the body in birds, and never use it except in some cases as discussed later (see Legs in Raptores,)
Knee.-This is where we sever the tibia from the thigh bone or femur and skin down to the heel, stripping off the flesh clear to the heel. The fibula, it should be remembered, is the small spike-shaped bone on the outside of the tibia which goes to make up the drumstick